Biographical sketch

Arrigo di Lucchese Sirigatti (? -1250). We don't know much about him apart the rare information we deduce from the Passignano monastery papers that call him "Arrigus vocatus Sirigattus", and from which we know that he was"fictaiolus perpetualis et fidelis Abbatie". He married Scarlata di Paganello in 1208, sister of Bonavia, who was an active personality in Florence at that time: he was among the seniors of the city as a judge and his family owned lands in Passignano. About Arrigo Sirgatti we know that in 1233 he owned three houses in the Passignano castle and some lands in the vicinities. He had at least two sons: Lucchese and Bonavia, also known as Ruzza. Upon the personality of Arrigo the tradition made up a legend that thought him fight in the Battle of Benevento (1266). The value shown in that occasion had as a consequence the birth of the Sirgatti name, because of Arrigo's coat of arms, which represented a cat and he was called Sire del Gatto (sir of the cat), so Sirgatti. But actually Arrigo was probably dead by the time of the battle.


Ruzza di Arrigo Sirigatti (?-early XIV). Also information on Ruzza is only quite legendary: it is said that he lived 130 years and was in continuous argue with the ghibelline family of the Scolari. To put an end to the feud Ruzza's son, Niccolino, married a Scolari.


Niccolino di Ruzza Sirigatti (?-1312). We know almost nothing about him. Standing to what the tradition says he was the first to move to Florence and to start to call himself Niccolini instead of Sirigatti. From his first marriage with Sofia of the Scolari (?-1271) Lapo was born. Then Niccolino married again with Simona di Francesco Visdomini who gave him Biagio, Fia and Giovanni. Biagio (?-1363) was a worthy merchant, but his sons were going to dissipate all the richness he had made and his descendance was stopped. Fia became a nun, while Giovanni (?-?) moved in the country where his descendants lived in poverty.


Lapo di Niccolino (1271-1342). He married Nanna di Stoldo di Lapo Pizzichi in 1311 and had seven sons: Niccolaio (1323-1348), Antonio, Bianca (married Leonardo Vigorosi), Donato (married Mea di Bonaventura da Gaville, died in 1400), Francesca (married Francesco de' Geri del Bello), Giovanni (the only one to have a descendence) and Simona (married Tano degli Aghinetti).
Lapo was an active merchant, part of the Guild of Silkers since 1301. He also was the first in the family to be in charge of a civil office: he was Prior in 1334 and Justice Gonfalonier in 1341.


Giovanni di Lapo di Niccolino (?-1381). Married Bartolommea di Filippo di Rosso Bagnesi and had six sons: Niccolaio (1350-1383; married Simona, known as Ciulla di Francesco di Gerozzo de' Bardi), Monna (married Alessandro di Francesco Buondelmonti and again married Iacopo di Simone Folchi), Filippo (?-1429 no sons), Fia (married Pierozzo di Roberto Ghetti and again married Bese di Guido Magalotti), Lapo (1365-1429), Guiduccia.
We don't n now much about his activity, he was a merchant with his brother Niccolaio (in the Niccolini Archive we have a copy of some memories written by both brothers and then continued by Giovanni after 1348) and was in charge of some offices for the city of Florence.
Among his sons, standing to what Lapo says, there should have been a worthy young man, Niccolaio, who died for a pestilence leaving a daughter, Agnoletta (married to Luca di Giovanni Rucellai) and two sons, Francesco (?-1417) and Giovanni (?-1417) whose descendence worn out.


Lapo di Giovanni di Lapo (1365-1429). Married Ermellina di Zanobi di Giovanni da Mezzola (?-1400) in 1384 and had seven sons (Nicolajo, Maddalena, Luca, Giovanna, Giovanni, Biagio, Iacopo). 
In 1401 married again Caterina di Biagio di Giovanni d'Arzago da Milano (?-1451), widow of Antonio Gianfigliazzi, from whom had six sons Paolo, Lorenzo, Ermellina, Bernardo, Ottobuono.
He is the man who gave a basis to the family's fortunes. As a rich merchant he has been in charge of many offices in the republic and in particular he was five times Justice Gonfalonier (in 1401, 1406, 1412, 1421, 1425). He was able to strengthen his family with an intelligent alliance policy, sometimes also using marriages to do so. 
From 1378 to 1429 he wrote a Book of Memories. The original is kept in the Florence State Archive, in Carte Strozzi. In the Niccolini archive there are two copies of the son Biagio who copied them in the late 16th century. These copies are quite different from the Strozzi collection original.
Of his sons, the first-born Nicolajo, born in 1386, didn't marry and died in 1417.
Maddalena (1387-1418) married Ugo Altoviti.
Giovanna (1390-1474) married Giovanni degli Albizi.
Giovanni (1395-1463), married Tita (whom we know nothing about) and had a daughter, Ermellina, who inherited the father's richness and married Giovanni di Doffo Arnoldi.
Iacopo (1398-1449) became monk and abbot in various monasteries.


Biagio di Lapo di Giovanni (1396-1467). Married Selvaggia di Soldo di Bernardo Strozzi (1410-1485) in 1430 and had nine children (eight sons and a daughter). 
He was part of the Guild of Judges and Notarys and had various charges in the city. He copied his father's Book of Memories, adding important information on the origin of the family.
His only daughter, Maddalena (?-1500) married Lorenzo Arrighi. Of his eight sons two died young, two moved to Rome and just three got married: Francesco (1432-1511) with Dianora Cavalcanti and had a son who died without descendants; Iacopo (1446-1514) whose descendance lived in poverty in the country; Leonardo (1439-1475) who married Dianora di Luigi Guicciardini. Leonardo, after the bankruptcy of his bank moved to Mantova, where he found fortune at the Gonzaga court. Also his son Giovanfrancesco (1480-1540ca) lived in Mantova. Instead Raffaello di Giovanfrancesco (1525-1613) went back to Florence and got into the granduke Francesco I's graces, but not in the ones of the Niccolinis, who accused him to be an impostor. He had to wait until1657 for a judgement sentence that admitted the Niccolini name for Raffaello's descendance.
Among his descendance there is Giovanbattista Niccolini (1782-1861), poet and playwright, who was an important personality in the Italian culture of the Risorgimento.
This family line extinguished with Luigi di Ridolfo Niccolini (1831-1895), descendent of Biagio di Lapo. Luigi was nominated heir of the marquise Maddalena Alamanni and got the name from then on. Luigi had no sons and left his possessions to the second born of the main family line: Lapo di Eugenio, who accepted the inheritance and changed his name to Alamanni. Lapo died with no descendants in World War I.


Paolo di Lapo di Giovanni (1402-1482). Married Cosa di Bernardo di Biagio Guasconi (?-1457) in 1431 and had five sons (Lodovico, Benedetto, Piero, Iacopo, Ginevra). In 1460 he married Maria di Antonio di Ricciardo degli Alberti (?-1486) and had another five sons (Antonio, Niccolosa, Oretta, Costanza, Andrea). He also had three natural children.
As Lapo's son he was the one who succeeded best in his business: he was a worthy merchant and grew a great fortune. He was the only Lapo son that carried on writing the family's Book of Memories (kept in the Niccolini Archive), which he actually wrote between 1429 and 1482.
Among his sons, Iacopo (1445-1525) was a follower of Savonarola and handed down some of his speeches. He had a natural child, Pandolfo (1472-1517) who lived in the Rome of Leo X.
Of the other Paolo's sons only Antonio (?-1515) and Andrea (1460-1532) had sons, but these descents extinguished in 1612 and 1562.


Lorenzo di Lapo di Giovanni (1403-1473). Married Lorenza di Filippo del Pugliese (?-1471) and had 13 children. Five sons got to the adult age and four married and had children. But just Lapo di Lorenzo's (1431-?) line lasted more than just a generation and extinguished in 1782.


Bernardo di Lapo di Giovanni (1409-1470). Married Ginevra di Michele Riccialbeni (?-1504) and had 9 children (six sons). Just two had a descendance, Simone (1455-1508) and Donato (?-1521). Donato's sons didn't have descendants; two of them, Luigi and Bernardo, also called Spagnoletto, were in the army and fought against the Medici comeback.
Among Simone's sons, Piero had two sons, Iacopo (1533-1583) and Simone (1534-1585), the first married Cassandra Adimari and had four sons; the second, Simone, married Ginevra di Piero di Matteo di Agnolo Niccolini in 1575. She was mother of Leonardo (?-1608) whose sons Simone (?-1645) and Giovanbattista (?-1641) were the last of this line.


Ottobuono known as Otto di Lapo di Giovanni (1410-1470). This is the most important person in the family in the 15th century. He was a protagonist in the florentine politics as he was allied to the Medici who thanks to him could consolidate their power.
Otto achieved a doctorate in Utroque Jure, in the Cathedral Church of Perugia in 1438, and became soon a good jurisconsult and binded himself to Cosimo de' Medici; his role and his influence on politics was soon great in Florence and his name is the second in the famous pact that 64 people lead by Giovannozzo Pitti made with Cosimo, swearing loyalty to him, in May 1449. Actually since 1446 Otto had been a protagonist, with Cosimo, of the political fight of the Medici to impose a new election system to give more stability to the regime. Otto Niccolini not only fought the inside political battles, but played also a leading role in the Medici diplomacy, that also gave strength to their power. From 1451 he was in charge of many diplomatic tasks for the government of Florence. In conclusion he was one of the main men to whom the Medici asked to strengthen their power in the delicate stability of the Italian states. Otto was in charge of delicate missions, mostly in Rome and in Naples, so he can be said one of the main characters in the typical 15th century Italian diplomacy between states.
In the Niccolini Archive several letters from personalities are kept (such as Cosimo de' Medici, Piero de' Medici, Lorenzo il Magnifico, Francesco Sforza, Matteo Palmieri and others).
He married Maria di Tommaso Corbinelli (?-1459) in 1439 and in 1460 Bartolommea di Andreolo Sacchetti (?-1471). From his first wife he had 11 children, and 4 from his second, plus an illegitimate one. Of these, 14 were male, but we don't know much about many of them apart from the firstborn Agnolo and the third born Giovanni (the first followed his father's political path, the second one became a bishop and Patriarch of Athens).
Among the other children Bernardino (1448-1489) had a son, Matteo (1473-1546) who had various military charges in name of Florence, had seven sons with Spicchina di Alessandro Alamanni, among which Margherita who married Giovanfrancesco di Leonardo Niccolini in 1521, and Alessandro (1500-1551) who married Fiammetta Bonsi and had four sons, all dead without a descendance.
We know nothing about Otto di Lapo (1452-1494) whose descendence we lose track of after three generations, while Andreolo (1467-1543), Otto's lastborn, was in charge of many offices and had a large offspring, but his line extinguished in 1610.


Agnolo di Otto di Lapo (1444-1499). Agnolo started off his diplomatic career following his father's path, that is in the Roman Curia in Rome, where he moved since 1484. Back in Florence in 1489, he was later sent to Naples in 1492 as orator for King Ferdinand. In 1493 he was in Milan and went to Naples in 1494 to do homage to the new king Alfonso, going back to Milan afterward. He then tried an intermediation with Charles VIII, but was then expelled from Florence along with the Medici. Later he was allowed to come back in Florence, but he wasn't given any charges.
In the Niccolini Archive we also have fairly good quantity of letters from Agnolo. Among these the most important ones are the ones sent by Savonarola, Charles VIII, Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici and Ludovico Maria Sforza.
In 1471 he married Luisa di messer Piero de' Pazzi, who died in 1488 without having any children. In the same year he married again with Tommasa di Francesco Cambini and had seven sons, three died young. The others were: Matteo, Maria (married Cosimo Sassetti in 1493), Antonio (1477-1502) and Carlo (1474-1509) that gave way for a rich offspring with his wife Maria di Tommaso Capponi that extinguished by the end of the 18th century.  


Giovanni di Otto di Lapo (1449-1504). Elected canonical of the florentine municipality in 1467, he then became bishop of Amalfi in 1475. With the arrival of Charles VIII in Italy he decided to part for the French and that is why he was exiled when they were defeated. He obtained from the King of France the important Verdun episcopate in 1498, but the king's death cut off his chances to obtain the diocese. After moving to the court of the della Rovere cardinal, he was nominated archbishop of Athens. The election of della Rovere as Pope granted him success, but Giovanni died in Viterbo, where he was nominated governor by the new come Pope, in 1504.



Matteo di Agnolo di Otto (1473-1540). Matteo was able to obtain important roles in early 16th century Florence, so as to then take a side for the return of the Medici, becoming one of the authors of the reforms that definitely put an end to the republican institutions. His first charge was in the early 16th century, when he was nominated resident minister in Rome in 1509. He was one of the 12 men in charge of the government reform, and then was part of the new senate, where he disposed his best to the final affirmation of Cosimo I.
He married three times: in 1499 with Ginevra di Lorenzo Morelli, who died in 1507 (she gave him Agnolo and Piero). As soon as in 1507 he married Alessandra di Antonfrancesco Boscoli, and had two children, died in early age. Alessandra died in 1514 and four years later Matteo married Maddalena di Simone Guiducci and had a daughter, Francesca, who married Giovanni di Taddeo Taddei.


Agnolo di Matteo di Agnolo (1505-1567). Agnolo was loyal to Cosimo I and was in charge of very delicate and important duties, such as defend his hereditary rights against Margherita, Alessandro's widow and Charles V's wife, and against Caterina de Medici, future queen of France. His political fortunes were then related with the history of Siena, as he became ambassador of Siena in 1547 and, since 1557, first governor of the city. He has been an essential pawn for the strengthening of the Medici State and our interest in his life is enlarged by recent historiographic studies on the role played by the ancient managing classes in the establishment of the Medici power system and in particular on the role that this had in the ancient family alliances system, which was distinguished by protection/reciprocity relations that go back to the 15th century. Widowed since 1550, Agnolo was awarded for his long and important services to Cosimo I with the election as cardinal and with the diocese of Pisa. The new cardinal Niccolini was also candidate for the succession to Pope Pio IV. After the death of the pope, Cosimo I, in fact, did his best for a Tuscan Pope to be elected thinking at either a Niccolini or Giovanni Ricci di Montepulciano. 
In the Niccolini Archive a huge amount of documents are kept. They relate to his political life: there are 10000 letters in 17 records of orders, decrees, letters etc.
In 1530 he married Alessandra di Vincenzo Ugolini and had four children: Matteo (1534-1551), Lorenzo (?-1538), Giovanni (1544-1611) and Maria, who married Roberto di Filippo de' Ricci.


Piero di Matteo di Agnolo (1507-1570). Was away from the political events of Florence and dedicated himself to commerce. Only when Cosimo finally settled he took some charges and took benefit of the regime also thanks to his brother Agnolo. He was nominated senator in 1564 and commissar in Pistoia in 1567.
In 1535 he married Maddalena di Raffaello di Tommaso Antinori (?-1580) and had eight children, but only four grew up to be adults: Ginevra who married Simone di Piero Niccolini, Lorenzo, Fiammetta, who married Francesco di Tommaso Minerbetti, Elisabetta, Girolamo di Gino Capponi's wife.


Giovanni di Agnolo di Matteo (1544-1611). Being the only son left, by 1551 he had since he was young lot of privileges derived from being one of Cosimo's favourites' son. When he was 9 he received from Pope Giulius II an annual benefit of 400 scudos for the Altopascio asylum. In 1587 he was sent in Rome where he has been ambassador for 23 years. Giovanni Niccolini succeeded in being capable of getting profit from his condition of birth, increasing his possessions, strengthening his family's position and making himself reference point for all the Niccolinis. It was to him that close and not so close relatives asked for help and favours. Although he did not obtain any title of nobility, he put up the basis for his sons to reach that status, by continuing to serve the Medici (which was a "tradition" for the Niccolinis), but also by leading a life which was very close to a nobiliar one: he was an art collectionist and client and ordered the nobiliar family chapel in Santa Croce from architect Giovanni Antonio Dosio; he also bought a big palace in Via dei Servi in Florence.
In 1570 he married Caterina di Filippo Salviati and had seven children, but only four reached an adult age: Alessandra, who married Ascanio di Giulio Iacobilli, Francesco (1584-1650), Giovanni (1586-1666) and Lucrezia (?-1635) who married Adriano Ceuli.


Lorenzo di Piero di Matteo (1541-1607). He was lawyer, member of the Florentine Academy (Accademia Fiorentina) and senator from 1588.
He married Elisabetta di Simone di Iacopo Corsi (?-1619) and had 12 children: Piero, Maddalena (married Iacopo di Lorenzo Giacomini in 1613), Agnolo (died young), Simone, Maddalena (died young), Matteo, Maddalena, Maria and Agnolo (both died young), Antonio (1578-1655), Maria (who became nun Caterina Angelica in the Spirito Santo sulla Costa convent) and Ottavio (1587-1633) who had two natural children: Giovanni who became friar and Ottavia, nun in Sicily.


Francesco di Giovanni di Agnolo (1584-1650). He soon took benefits from his father's important role. He became knight of St. Stephen in 1598 and then admitted between the pages of the Granduke. His father, who had a great power in Rome, decided for him the ecclesiastic career. After his father's death, Francesco abandoned the clerical dress and went back to Florence. In 1621 he was elected minister in Rome, but he was often to weak for his job as he was too much bigot and deferential towards the Church. During his stay in Rome he put on a trial Galileo Galilei. In 1643 he was called back to Florence where the Granduke invested him of the title of marquis of Campiglia.
He married Caterina of the marquis Francesco Riccardi (?-1676) in 1618 and had no children.


Filippo di Giovanni di Agnolo (1586-1666). He was in charge of some honorary offices on behalf of the Medici. He was, as his father had been, a great art collectionist. In 1625 the Granduke invested him of the title of marquis of Montegiovi, near Siena. In 1637 he asked to change the Montegiovi marquisate for the Ponsacco and Camugliano one where he had bought a villa that became the family manor house. The feud counted 189 main families and 1069 people. 
In 1606 he married Lucrezia di Lorenzo Corsini (?-1652) and had no sons.
Without a descendence, he obtained from the Granduke the possibility to leave the Camugliano feud to a member of the family of his choice. He nominated as his heir of his possessions his cousin Lorenzo di Matteo descendant of Piero di Matteo, brother of cardinal Agnolo.


Piero di Lorenzo di Piero (1573-1651). He took the ecclesiastic career, in 1603 he was nominated general vicarious of the Fiesole diocese. The florentine archbishop Marzimedici nominated him his own auditor and then general vicarious. After Mazimedici's death he was elected capitulary vicarious and then, in 1632, archbishop of Florence. He made two synods, in 1637 and in 1645; he enlarged the bishop's palace and took benefits from the S. Niccolò monastery.


Simone di Lorenzo di Piero (1577-1662). He was a famous lawyer, member of the Accademia Fiorentina of which he was consul in 1608. He had no civil offices, but dedicated entirely to his job as a lawyer and obtained honour and glory from it. He never married nor had children..


Matteo di Lorenzo di Piero (1594-1663). He dedicated himself to commerce in the first time and then stopped to hold public offices. He was senator since 1949.
He married Lucrezia di Francesco Arrighi (?-1684) in 1629 and had four children: Lorenzo (1632-1715), Francesco (1639-1692), Piero (1640-1716) and Isabella (?-1699) marquis Pierfrancesco Vitelli's wife. Piero di Matteo was drawed to inherit the Calderini inheritance, because Calderini had decided that his possessions had to be given in usufruct to a florentine nobleman that had to be born from a family that had had at least six priors in its lines. Anyway Piero didn't make good use of this fortune and declared bankruptcy in 1701.


Lorenzo di Matteo di Lorenzo (1632-1715). He was nominated heir by his cousin Filippo di Giovanni and was second marquis of Ponsacco e Camugliano. He was admitted to court in 1652 and was in charge of honorary offices at the Granduke's court. He also was very active in the economic field in which, with the help of his wife, he carried on as a moneylender.
He married the countess of the marquis Paolo del Bufalo of Rome in 1653 who was heir, along with her sisters, of his family's possessions and of his mother's (countess Bandini). She was able to administrate what she inherited in an intelligent way. She had 13 children: Lucrezia (1654-1720) Ridolfo di Niccolò Gianni's wife; Filippo (1655-1738); Alessandra and Paolo, died young; Maddalena (1657-1683) marquis Donato di Tommaso Guadagni's wife; Matteo (died young); Alessandra (1665-1715), that was known as a pious and merciful woman and had a biography written on her by her confessor after her death, she had married marquis Giovanbattista Pucci in 1689; Francesco and Matteo (both died young); Rosa Vittoria (1661-1734) Ferdinando di don Antonio Ramirez di Montalvo's wife and then married with Piero di Neri Scarlatti; Agnolo (?-1691); Paola Teresa (1671-1750), Giovanfrancesco di Carlo da Sommaia's wife; Virginia (1672-1739) count Rospero di Filippo Bentivoglio's wife.


Francesco di Matteo di Lorenzo (1639-1692). Having chosen the ecclesiastic career he soon found himself enriched by various benefits. He was governor of Camerino in 1668 and governor of Ascoli in 1669. He then was elected vice legate in Avignon for cardinal Cibo. In 1685 he was nuncius in Portugal, until 1690 when he was still nuncius, but in Paris, where he died in 1692.


Filippo di Lorenzo di Matteo (1655-1738). He inherited not only the possessions of the various lines of the Niccolini family that went to his father, but also his mother's possessions, that is the Bandini and part of the Del Bufalo possessions. He was a man of court and his offices were rewarded with the title in the Order of St. Stephen of the Valgarini di Fermo. Most of all he was a great art collectionist and enlarged the collections he inherited from his forefathers. In particular his collection of ancient coins (about 4000 pieces) was very rich.
He married Lucrezia of the marquis Luca degli Albizzi (?-1740) in 1680 and had 9 children. The firstborn Agnolo Maria (1683-1727) married Maddalena di Lorenzo Venturi and had a daughter (Lucrezia, married to Lodovico Pannocchieschi d'Elci) and two sons, both died young. The continuing of the family tree was left to Filippo's other sons. The second born, Giovan Luca, chose the ecclesiastic career, the same as the lastborn Antonio (1701-1769). The third born Lorenzo died young (1691-1716). The title of marquis passed on to Giuseppe (1698-1735), who was able to put up an offspring although he died young leaving his minor sons under the protection of the brothers.


Giovan Luca di Filippo di Lorenzo (1689-1742). He took up the ecclesiastic career and lived almost always in Rome, where he was elected prelate from the Apostolic Inspection in 1722. He was President of the Prisons when he died.


Giuseppe di Filippo di Lorenzo (1698-1735). He was designated since he was young to be a Knight of Malta, but the death of his firstborn brother Angiolo made him the only son that could have continued the family descendance, being his other two brothers, Giovan Luca e Antonio, ecclesiastics. 
He married Virginia Corsini, viceroy of Sicily Bartolomeo's daughter and Pope Clemente XII's niece, and had three sons and two daughters. Of his sons, the third born Lorenzo (1735-1795) continued the family line, as his firstborn Filippo died in 1759, when he was only 26, with no offspring, and the second born Bartolomeo (1734-1760) took up the ecclesiastic career and became bishop of San Zeno in Pisa. 


Antonio di Filippo di Lorenzo, bishop, (1701-1769). Antonio was a man of vast culture. After having studied under the guidance of Giuseppe Averani, he began, beside the literary studies, also to be interested in the ideas that were animating the British cultural scene. His interest in the philosophical and scientific debate that was occurring in England by that time was always alive and became a point of reference in his intellectual life of the abbot. As Richencourt was against him, he was also exiliated and in 1748 the Tuscan government prohibited him to go back in the Granducat. Abbot Antonio lived in a troubled way the passage from his academic learning to the new ferments and ideas of the age of Enlightenment, but always with an open-minded mentality and with curiosity, as we can see from his active participations to many academies of the time and, moreover, from his web of relationships with many personalities that we can deduce from the thick correspondence (about 18000 letters) kept in the Niccolini Archive. Antonio Niccolini not only kept a thick correspondence with the major personalities of the time in Italy and Europe, but it looks like he was the eminence grise that could, also thanks to his brother Giuseppe, intervene in the Italian politic of that time.


Lorenzo di Giuseppe di Filippo (1735-1795). Giuseppe Niccolini's third born, he married Giulia Riccardi in 1759. She was part of one of the richest families in Tuscany and had four children with Lorenzo (Giuseppe, Vincenzo, Clementina and Pietro Leopoldo). Widowed in 1770, he married again in 1771 with Maria Maddalena Antinori, and had a son, Gaetano, who took up the ecclesiastic career. Lorenzo found himself as leader of the family as both brothers, Filippo and the second born Bartolomeo died in 1759 and 1760. All Niccolini's possessions, also the ones got thanks to the various marriages and from the extinguishing of some lines, were now in his hands, but the abolition of property subject to fideicommissum decreed by Pietro Leopoldo in 1789 forced the division of the possessions between the four sons (Giuseppe, Vincenzo, Pietro Leopoldo and Gaetano), though not in equal parts. Vincenzo and Gaetano did not marry, while Pietro Leopoldo had 13 children from his wife Teresa Monti Mucciano, giving way to a family line which is still alive.


Giuseppe di Lorenzo di Giuseppe (1761-1811). He had two wives: in 1786 he married Giustina Grifoni, heir of one of the family lines of descendance. Widowed in 1792 he married in 1794 Maria Maddalena Martelli. From the first wife he had a daughter, Giulia (1787-1829), from Maria Maddalena Martelli he had Teresa (1796-1862), Luisa (1796-1845), Lorenzo, Antonio (1799-1815) and Gaetano (1801-1806).
Giuseppe got into some risky financial speculations in the Napoleonic period, getting to have lots of debts that drained a great part of the wealth he had inherited from his father.


Lorenzo di Giuseppe di Lorenzo (1797-1868). He married Catherine Stafford Price in 1842. Thanks to her dowry and thanks to his managing (he reduced all the expenses, sold many important art collections and also sold the florentine palace That had been the family's house for centuries) he managed to save his wealth from extinguishing and, in the long term, to increase his possessions after a period of financial straits.
He had two sons, Carlo (1844-1912) and Eugenio, and a daughter, Maria Maddalena who married count Ferdinando Guicciardini in 1869. His firstborn Carlo married late (when he was 46) with Guinevere Colebrook (who dedicated herself to the Niccolini Archive and published some documents and an essay on the Niccolinis in the 15th century). They didn't have any children and all possessions passed on to the second born Eugenio.


Eugenio di Lorenzo di Giuseppe (1853-1933). He married Cristina Naldini del Riccio, heir of her family's wealth, in 1871. They had four children: Ada, Vittoria, Renzo and Lapo. Renzo (1874-1956) married Lodovica Valperga di Masino (from Turin) in 1912 and is member of the living marquis line. In 1897 Lapo (1890-1917) inherited from a relative, Luigi Alamanni Niccolini, a descendant of Biagio  all the possessions that he had taken from marquees Maddalena Alamanni, as long as he added the Alamanni name to his. But Lapo Niccolini Alamanni died during World War I and his possessions and part of the Alamanni archive became again property of the Niccolinis.

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